Genuine ‘Dogs Teeth 101’ : Types of Dog Teeth

Genuine ‘Dogs Teeth 101’ : Types of Dog Teeth

Wondering about how many permanent teeth does your pet dog have? Clueless about when puppies lose all their baby teeth? Are the types of dog teeth different from humans?

Fret not buddy! Read on to know more about the types of dog teeth and the dog breeds more prone to teeth problems.

What are the Types of Dog Teeth?

Deciduous Teeth

Deciduous Teeth | Types of Dog Teeth
Deciduous Teeth | Types of Dog Teeth

Deciduous Teeth means baby teeth or you can say milk teeth in puppies. Puppies have 28 deciduous teeth which begin to grow when they are 2 weeks old. Deciduous teeth grow completely by the time puppies are 9-10 weeks old.

Incisors and Canines comprise deciduous teeth or milk teeth in puppies. Deciduous teeth are small yet sharp baby teeth. These milk teeth help puppies chew toys, solid food, gnaw on bones and everything else!

Permanent Teeth – 4 types of permanent teeth in adult dogs

Incisors

Permanent Teeth | Types of Dog Teeth
Permanent Teeth | Types of Dog Teeth

The permanent teeth at the front of the jaw are called incisors. There are total 12 incisors in a dog’s mouth, with 6 being on the upper jaw and 6 on the lower jaw. These permanent teeth are useful for stripping meat or nibbling at something.  Incisors also help in self-grooming for adult dogs. Grooming is essential for maintaining good dog health.

Canines

Canines are permanent teeth that are pointy and grow right next to the incisors. There are total 4 canine teeth in a dog’s mouth with 2 being on the upper jaw and 2 on the lower jaw. Canines are sometimes called ‘fangs’. Canine teeth are useful for holding on to objects or puncturing something. Adult dogs attribute their tug-of-war skills to these set of pointy permanent teeth!

Permanent Teeth | Types of Dog Teeth
Permanent Teeth | Types of Dog Teeth

Premolars

The teeth that are positioned behind the canine teeth in a dog’s mouth are known as premolars. An adult dog has 16 premolars with 8 being on top and 8 at the bottom. The premolars are usually used for chewing, tearing and shearing purposes. Adult dogs use premolars when their heads are tilted to one side or when they chew with any one side of their mouth.

Molars

The flat permanent teeth that are located right at the back of the jaw in a dog’s mouth are known as molars. An adult dog has 4 molars positioned in the upper jaw and 6 molars in the lower jaw. Unequal right! But these molars are extremely important for chewing, crushing and grinding food.

Dorky Fact – Undershot Jaw is when upper jaw of a dog’s mouth is smaller than the lower jaw. Overshot Jaw is when upper jaw is larger than lower jaw. Both conditions can cause problems in adult dogs while eating.

When do deciduous teeth fall off : puppy or adult dog

Deciduous teeth fall out and make way for permanent teeth in adult dogs when they are 4-5 months old. First the incisors fall off by the time the puppy is 4 months old. Next comes the canines which make way for permanent canine teeth when a puppy turns 5 or 6 months old. Between 5 to 8 months when puppies matures into adult dogs, premolars and molars begin to appear.

Deciduous Teeth | Types of Dog Teeth
Deciduous Teeth | Types of Dog Teeth

Adult dogs ideally have 42 permanent teeth. If any baby teeth have not fallen out in adult dogs, visit a vet to get the deciduous teeth extracted.

Dorky Fact: In teething, deciduous teeth fall off to make way for permanent teeth in puppies.

Which dog breeds have more problems with their dog teeth?

The better your dog’s teeth, the easier will be dog dental care. Certain dog breeds are more susceptible to dental problems due to genetic factors.

Small Dog Breeds | Types of Dog Teeth
Small Dog Breeds | Types of Dog Teeth

Smaller dog breeds such as Dachshund, Maltese are not always able to fit in 42 permanent teeth in their tiny dog mouth. There’s a risk of smaller dogs breaking their tiny permanent teeth if they gnaw or chew on hard toys. It is better to provide softer chewy toys for smaller dog breeds.

Certain larger dog breeds such as Labrador Retriever, Golden Retriever fare much better in the dog dental category due to their genes. However, broken tooth tips and fractured jaw are dental health risks for larger breeds.

Large Dog Breeds | Types of Dog Teeth
Large Dog Breeds | Types of Dog Teeth

Both small and large dog breeds are susceptible to periodontal and gum disease.

So, let’s take a sneak-peek at how some dog breeds fare in the dental care category!

10 Dog Breeds with the best dog teeth

  1. Labrador Retriever
  2. German Shepherd
  3. Golden Retriever
  4. Rottweiler
  5. German Shorthaired Pointer
  6. Siberian Husky
  7. Doberman Pinscher
  8. Bernese Mountain Dog
  9. Vizsla
  10. Newfoundland
Types of Dog Teeth | Dog Breeds
Types of Dog Teeth | Dog Breeds

10 Dog Breeds with the worst dog teeth

  1. Dachshund
  2. Yorkshire Terrier
  3. Shih Tzu
  4. Maltese
  5. Collie
  6. Lhasa Apso
  7. English Bulldog
  8. Cavalier King Charles Special
  9. Pug
  10. Chihuahua

Dorky Fact: Certain dog breeds especially the smaller ones suffer from unerupted teeth. This is when permanent teeth remain under the gumline.

That’s pretty much it

Types of Dog Teeth | Adult Dogs
Types of Dog Teeth | Adult Dogs

No dog breed is safe from dog dental problems. Check your dog’s mouth for any unusual signs of life-threatening gum diseases.

Dogs Teeth 101
Dogs Teeth 101

There can be other dog dental issues such as gingivitis and periodontal pockets. This can lead to plague build up in your dog’s mouth which can affect a dog’s health.

As you can see, dental care for an adult dog is important since a dog’s health is linked to the permanent teeth in its mouth.

Your furry friend’s happiness depends on dog dental care too. So, don’t ignore those doggy tooth issues. After all adult dogs are as happy as their firm bite!

Stronger the dogs teeth, happier are the dogs! (Woof to that my friend!)

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👉👉 Now that you know about the types of teeth, learn in depth about 7 dental ailments in dogs teeth ◀️⏪

References

https://wagwalking.com/breed/top-dog-breeds-with-the-worst-teeth

https://vcahospitals.com/know-your-pet/dog-care/promoting-wellness/common-dog-dental-problems

https://www.msdvetmanual.com/dog-owners/digestive-disorders-of-dogs/dental-disorders-of-dogs

https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/how-many-teeth-do-dogs-have/

https://www.pdsa.org.uk/taking-care-of-your-pet/pet-health-hub/conditions/tooth-and-gum-disease-in-dogs#:~:text=Some%20of%20the%20most%20common,A%20tooth%20root%20abscess